Properties and applications:
Topical Circulatory System - muscular aches and pains, stiff muscles, poor circulation
Expectorant - mucous coughs, bronchitis, catarrh
Antiseptic, Antimicrobial - bacterial, fungal and viral infections
Insect Repellent - mosquito and flea bites, head lice
Mental Stimulant - tiredness, lethargy, poor concentration, poor memory
Country of origin:
Europe (Scots and Norway Pines), Eastern USA
resin, woody and citrus oils for a bright freshness.
Pine has a short shelf life as it readily oxidises. Hypersensitivity - avoid damaged, diseased, delicate or children's skin.
Green, fresh and clear with warm resin notes.
A tall evergreen tree up to 40 meters high, red brown bark, green needles and pointed brown cones.
Used in history to treat respiratory conditions, turpentine is made from the tree's resin.