Foeniculum vulgare (var. dulce)
Litsea cubeba
Cupressus sempervirens
Piper cubeba
Cedrus atlantica
Citrus paradisi
Boswellia Carterii var. thurifera
Eucalyptus globulus
Achillea millefolium
Pinus sylvestris

Black Pepper

piper nigrum
Botanical name: 
Piper Nigrum

Fiery, warm and invigorating

Please note: The information below is meant to give a brief outline of how an oil can be applied by a trained aromatherapist.
Please do not use this information as a guide for how to use essential oils at home.

Properties and applications: 
Topical Circulatory System - muscular aches and pains, stiff muscles, poor circulation
Immune Stimulant - colds, coughs, influenza
Anti Spasmodic - cramps, colic, nausea, nervous diarrhoea, asthma
Stimulant, Emotional Tonic - frustration, tiredness, debility, chronic stress-related conditions
Family: 
Piperaceae
Country of origin: 
India, Indonesia
Part of plant used: 
Dried fruit
Method of extraction: 
Steam distillation
Blends with: 
Citrus, floral, and woody essential oils eg. May Chang
Chemical character: 
Terpene
Safety information: 
Caution - Hypersensitive, avoid diseased, delicate, damaged or children's skin,
Odour profile: 
Camphoraceous, spicy and dry with a woody, warm and sweet undertone.
Plant description: 
Woody, climbing plant with dark green heart shaped leaves, white flowers and red berries.
Historical use: 
A highly prized spice which has been used in far eastern cultures for over 4000 years. In Ayurvedic medicine it is used for respiratory conditions, liver and urinary disorders.